You found a great worker for your farm! That’s huge. But, now what? How do you pay them (…and if they are interns or volunteers, do you have to?) The answer to these questions lies in “classification.” Does the law see the worker as an employee, intern, volunteer, or independent contractor? This can be incredibly confusing. Fortunately, Farm Commons is here to help you. Check out our resource, Farmers’ Guide to Classifying Workers (19pgs.), which includes an instructive flowchart and examples of how other farmers go through this classification process. Farms and ranches considering a intern or volunteer classification should read the Farmers’ Legal Guide to Intern and Volunteer Programs for details on meeting those classifications.

State-specific rules matter when it comes to classification. Check our Selected Basics in Farm Employment Law for Every State series for each state’s basic independent contractor rules. As we work towards comprehensive materials for all 50 states specific to internship classification, we currently have state-specific details for the states as follows.

Connecticut:

Getting Work Done on Connecticut Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (55pgs.)

Illinois:

Illinois Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (14pgs.)
Illinois: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Iowa:

Iowa Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (12pgs.)
Iowa: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Maine:

Getting Work Done on Maine Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (60 pages)

Michigan:

Michigan Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (12pgs.)
Michigan: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Minnesota:

Minnesota Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (14pgs.)
Minnesota: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

New Hampshire:

Getting Work Done on New Hampshire Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (57 pages)

Ohio:

Ohio Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (13pgs.)
Ohio: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Pennsylvania:

Pennsylvania Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (19pgs.)
Pennsylvania Farmers’ Guide to Classifying Workers (18 pages)

Rhode Island:

Getting Work Done on Rhode Island Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (57 pages)

Vermont:

Getting Work Done on Vermont Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (61 pages)

Wisconsin:

Wisconsin Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (11pgs.)
Wisconsin Farmers’ Guide to Classifying Workers (19 pages)
Wisconsin: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)