If cashflow is an issue on your farm, and it very well may be if you are just starting out, you can explore different options for paying your farmworkers. (Spoiler alert: Yes, paying in broccoli is often allowed!) Non-cash wages are often called “in-kind” wages under legal rules. Our resource, Farmers’ Guide to In-Kind Wages (77pgs.) will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the rules and regulations you must follow when paying farm workers “in kind” wages (e.g. paying with food, lodging and other non-cash items of value).

State-specific rules matter when it comes to in-kind wages. As we work towards comprehensive materials for all 50 states, we currently have state-specific information for Connecticut, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont in the Appendix of the guide above. The state-specific resources below also discuss in-kind wage rules.

Connecticut:

Getting Work Done on Connecticut Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (55pgs.)

Illinois:

Illinois Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (14pgs.)
Illinois: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Iowa:

Iowa Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (12pgs.)
Iowa: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Maine:

Getting Work Done on Maine Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (60 pages)

Michigan:

Michigan Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (12pgs.)
Michigan: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Minnesota:

Minnesota Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (14pgs.)
Minnesota: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

New Hampshire:

Getting Work Done on New Hampshire Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (57 pages)

Ohio:

Ohio Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (13pgs.)
Ohio: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)

Pennsylvania:

Pennsylvania Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (19pgs.)
Pennsylvania Farmers’ Guide to Classifying Workers (18 pages)

Rhode Island:

Getting Work Done on Rhode Island Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (57 pages)

Vermont:

Getting Work Done on Vermont Farms: Employment law basics in classification and payroll issues (61 pages)

Wisconsin:

Wisconsin Checklist of selected legal obligations When Hiring a Farm Employee (11pgs.)
Wisconsin Farmers’ Guide to Classifying Workers (19 pages)
Wisconsin: Make Employment Law Work for Your Farm (1 hour)